Kazakhstan, Baikonour Cosmodrome November 23, 2014/June 11, 2015. Engineer, Air Force Officer Samantha Cristoforetti, selected among 8.500 European candidates, joined Esa Astronaut Corps (European Space Agency) in 2009. The following two and a half years of demanding training prepared Cristoforetti for an ASI (Italian Space Agency) long duration mission named ‘Futura’ to the International Space Station (ISS). Crew Roscosmos Cosmonaut Anton Shkaplerov, Esa Astronaut Samantha Cristoforetti, and Nasa Astronaut Terry Virts.
In Orbit Aboard The ISS, Floating in a tin can on top of the world
The International Space Station is the most advanced and sophisticated technological project ever imaginated and built by humankind. It represents an example of what cooperation among countries of different cultures can achieve when they set themselves for a common goal beneficial for all. Cristoforetti refers to it as a ‘human outpost in space’. The 15th anniversary of its operational success was celebrated in 2015: fifteen years in which highly trained and skilled men and women have continuously lived and worked, expanding it with new potential and technologies, conducting scientific experiments on materials, human physiology, and biology.
Science: the ISS allows to conduct experiments in microgravity, to observe outcomes and behaviours that would not be seen or would not happen with the gravity of Earth. Schools, universities, hospitals, entities in the public and private sectors at large, in the constant strive to implement and innovate, find in the ISS the ideal environment where investigations can be carried out. Study of liquids and materials behavior, cells growth, studies on eyes, bone loss, plants, foods and medicines, implementation of devices and equipment, observation of our changing planet. All research carried out in the ISS is done to benefit life on Earth and to expland knowledge for future long duration space missions.
Cristoforetti lived and worked in the ISS on a six-month mission, later extended to a total of 200 days due to the loss of a re-supply space vehicle. During her mission Cristoforetti conducted more than 200 scientific experiments: part of human physiology experiments and tests are conducted on astronauts themeselves and results evaluated for beneficial use for us all and for future long duration space travels. Among the tasks Cristoforetti performed are the capture and release of re-supply space vehicles, assistance to crewmates during spacewalks (EVA), interviews for international medias, government representatives, schools, and ISS maintainance work. An important aspect of a daily routine while on board is physical activity, to which several hours are dedicated to contain and prevent bone loss, among other things, and maintain general well being.
Each new mission departing to the International Space Station highlights a theme: Cristoforetti’s was healthy nutrition. Foods were meticulously tested and created for best performance related to short and long term benefits on human physiology and general well being by Italian aerospace engineering company. The same company in partnership with renowned Italian coffe industry, invented and shipped to space a high tech espresso machine. Cristoforetti became the first astronaut in history of space travel to brew and drink espresso in space: ‘IssPresso‘.
Cristoforetti returned to our planet, at completion of a successful 200-day mission, on June 11, 2015.